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南京汽车租赁:在结冰路上行驶,需要注意什么

大字小字2018-10-30 08:50

  在冰雪路面行车,最关键的就是要“慢”。因为冰雪天气不可预测的因素有很多,行车时车辆容易打转或打滑,发生事故的概率大大增加。在这样的条件下如何安全驾驶?请留意以下几条注意事项:
  一、稳定心态很重要
  雪天行车多加小心是正确的,但也不要盲目紧张,放松心情,减速行驶。行驶中注意前方和三个后视镜,并注意左右两侧的车辆,做到心中有数。雪天行车万一法师事故,保持良好心态,踏死刹车不松开,掌握好行驶方向,使车轮推着事故物件前移,以免车轮转动轧过事故物件。撞一下也不会有太大问题,即便问题严重,也要保持好心态,并马上报警和联系保险公司。
南京汽车租赁:在结冰路上行驶,需要注意什么呢?
  二、降低车速是关键
  由于冰雪路面附着系数很低,所以车轮在这样的路况下行驶会导致车轮打滑甚至失控,危险性很高。最好的办法就是降低车速,这样可以更好的控制车辆行驶轨迹。行驶中车速要平稳,不可忽快忽慢,尽量减少超车次数,避免车速快、猛加速、急制动。
  三、必要时2档起步
  无论是手动档车型还是自动档车型,起步一定要缓加油,这样可以防止车轮空转、打滑,以保证更好的控制方向。如果路面极滑,建议手动档车型利用2档起步,自动档车型可以利用雪地模式或是2档起步。切记,在雪地中驾驶一定不要空档驾驶。南京汽车租赁
  四、转弯前先减档
  在冰雪地里驾驶有别于普通路面驾驶,首先在入弯道前降低车速,并挂入低档,适当的降低1-2个档位,这样便于入弯。尽量避免在弯道中刹车,以避免车辆产生侧滑。
  五、预判事故 提前停车
  由于雪天视线不够清晰,所以一定要与前车保持适当的行车距离。这需要驾驶人有很好的“预判”,根据车辆自身情况及雪量大小来保持来判断,这样可以在前车发生任何情况时有充足的时间和条件保持安全行驶。如需要转弯、并道,应提前打转向灯,提示后方车辆。
  六、车窗除雾要及时
  在雨雪中驾驶,由于车内相比车外温度更高,所以容易产生雾气,模糊视线。这时,应把车辆除雾功能打开,这包括前档风及后档风除雾,在开启后数十秒内即可将雾气吹散。
  七、上坡时保持车距 避免中途换档
  雪天行车要上陡坡时,一定保持好与前车距离,用低档大油门冲上去,中途不宜换档。低档车轮转速低,不易打滑,另外发动机可输出较大扭矩,避免车辆在上坡过程中力量不够。条件允许的话最好有助手随行,要备三角木(必要时在驱动轮上安装防滑设备)。如遇车辆打滑或侧滑等情况,使用机械停车无效时,驾驶人身边的助手要准确无误地使用三角木减速直至停车。
  On ice snow roads, the most important thing is to "slow down". Because there are many unpredictable factors in snow and ice weather, vehicles are easy to turn or skid when driving, and the probability of accidents increases greatly. How to drive safely under such conditions? Please pay attention to the following points:
  First, stability is very important.
  It is right to be careful when driving on a snowy day, but don't be too nervous, relax and slow down. While driving, pay attention to the front and three rearview mirrors, and pay attention to the vehicles on both sides. In case of a mage's accident in snow, keep a good state of mind, do not loose the brake, master the driving direction, so that the wheel pushed the accident object forward, so as to avoid the wheel rolling over the accident object. It won't be too much of a problem, even if the problem is serious, keep a good mood, and immediately report to the police and contact the insurance company.
  Two, reducing vehicle speed is the key.
  Because the adhesion coefficient of ice and snow road is very low, so the wheel running under such road conditions will cause the wheel to skid or even out of control, the danger is very high. The best way is to reduce vehicle speed, so that we can better control the vehicle trajectory. In the course of driving, the speed should be steady, not to be quick or slow, to minimize the number of overtaking, to avoid rapid speed, rapid acceleration, rapid braking.
  Three, when necessary, the 2 gear starts.
  Whether it is manual or automatic gear, start must slow refueling, which can prevent idle wheels, skidding, to ensure better control of the direction. If the road is very slippery, it is recommended to start with manual gear, automatic gear can start with snow mode or two gear. Remember, driving in the snow must not drive in neutral. Nanjing car rental
  Four, reduce the gear before turning.
  Driving in ice and snow is different from driving on ordinary roads. First, reduce the speed of the car before entering the curve, and hang in low gear, properly reduce 1-2 gears, so that it is easy to enter the curve. Avoid braking in corners to avoid sideslip.
  Five. Anticipate the accident and stop in advance.
  Because the sight is not clear enough in the snow, it is necessary to maintain an appropriate distance from the front car. This requires a good "pre-judgment" of the driver, based on the vehicle's own situation and the amount of snow to maintain the judgment, so that in any case before the car has sufficient time and conditions to maintain safe driving. If you need to turn around and cross the road, you should turn on the steering lights ahead of time, prompting the rear vehicles.
  Six, the windows need timely removal of fog.
  Driving in the rain and snow, because the temperature inside the car is higher than outside, so easy to produce fog, blurred vision. At this time, the vehicle defogging function should be turned on, which includes the front and rear wind defogging, the fog can be blown away within tens of seconds after opening.
  Seven. Keep the distance when uphill and avoid shifting halfway.
  When driving up a steep slope on a snowy day, be sure to keep a good distance from the front car and rush up with a low-grade high throttle. It is not appropriate to change gears during the middle. Low-grade wheel speed is low, not easy to skid, and the engine can output larger torque, to avoid the vehicle in the uphill process of insufficient strength. If conditions permit, it is better to have an assistant accompany, to prepare triangle wood (if necessary, install anti-skid equipment on the drive wheel). If the vehicle skids or sideslips, the use of mechanical parking is invalid, the driver's side assistant to accurately use triangle wood to decelerate until the stop.

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